Reports of Chinese espionage, IP theft and military-civil fusion strategy have all fueled concerns regarding U.S. universities’ open research ecosystem, especially in STEM. Many of the concerns focus not only on research integrity but also on potential adverse consequences to U.S. military and economic security. This panel intends to deepen discussion on open access to U.S. universities, security risks involved, as well as the potential adverse consequences of limiting international access in science and technology (S&T) research. Questions that panel members will be asked to address include: What is our best estimate regarding the scale and scope of adverse influence in U.S. universities attributable to S&T collaboration with PRC personnel? Scientific collaboration and higher education have traditionally been immune to the ups-and-downs of U.S.-China politics. How did we get to where we are, and why? What are remedial measures that universities can consider, optimized to balance security and ethical concerns while ensuring pre-eminent scientific advancements and continued U.S. innovation?
Arthur Bienenstock, Co-chair, American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ Committee on International Scientific Partnerships; Professor of Photon Science, Emeritus, Stanford UniversityElsa B. Kania, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Technology and National Security Program, Center for a New American SecuritySusan Shirk, Chair of the 21st Century China Center, UC San Diego; Research Professor, School Global Policy & Strategy, UC San DiegoTim Stearns, Frank Lee and Carol Hall Professorship in the Department of Biology at Stanford University; Senior Associate Vice Provost of Research